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How to Care for a Small Pine Tree

2012-09-26   Views:3

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Pine trees (Pinus spp.) are available in more than 100 types, with 36 native to North America. They are used in large and small landscapes as ornamental trees, windbreaks, accents and foundation plants. Pine trees come in a variety of shapes, needles

How to Care for a Small Pine Tree

Pine trees (Pinus spp.) are available in more than 100 types, with 36 native to North America. They are used in large and small landscapes as ornamental trees, windbreaks, accents and foundation plants. Pine trees come in a variety of shapes, needles and colours and prefer well-drained, fertile soil and sites located in full sun. Small pine trees survive transplanting better than large trees. Small pine trees need care to grow and establish in a landscape.

Skill level:Moderately Easy

Things you need

Hand trowelOrganic mulchFertiliserPrunersStraw

Instructions

1 Water the small pine tree every 10 to 14 days without rainfall. Keep the soil moist around the roots to prevent stress from dry roots. Pour water around the small pine tree until the moisture reaches 3 to 4 inches deep. Use a hand trowel to dig a small hole next to the tree to check the watering depth.

2 Spread organic mulch around the base of the small pine tree. Use shredded pine bark or pine needles to create a 3- to 4-inch bed of mulch. This preserves soil moisture and reduces weed growth. Keep the mulch 4 to 6 inches away from the pine trunk.

3 Feed the small pine tree with a slow-release 10-10-10 fertiliser starting the third year after planting. Use 0.907 to 1.81kg. for every 100 square feet of planting space. Do not feed the small pine tree the first two years since the small, developing roots are sensitive to fertiliser burn.

4 Prune any diseased or damaged branches with a sharp pair of pruners in the early spring while the tree is still dormant. Do not prune small pine trees annually except to maintain a Christmas tree appearance.

5 Spread a 3- to 4-inch layer of straw or leaves around the base of the small pine tree right after the first hard fall frost. This protects the tender young roots of the pine tree from harsh winter weather. Remove the straw or leaves in the spring after the last of the snow has melted.

Tips and warnings

Small pine trees usually do not need extra support, but some trees lean or grow too tall too quickly to stand up. Place two stakes opposite each other with the small pine tree in the middle. Loop soft fabric loosely around the trunk. Allowing the trunk to move in the wind will help strengthen the tree. Remove the supports as soon as the problem is fixed.

Protect your small pine tree in areas prone to deer grazing. Surround your pine tree with a cage of chicken wire, which will keep the deer from killing the small tree by grazing.

How to Care for a Small Pine Tree

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