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How to change the head gaskets on a buick century

2015-02-06   Views:1

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Buick Century first entered the market in 1936 and the last Buick Century was produced for the 2005 model year. The 2005 model came equipped with a 3.1-litre V6 engine. On a rare occasion you may need to change the head gasket due to an overheated en

Buick Century first entered the market in 1936 and the last Buick Century was produced for the 2005 model year. The 2005 model came equipped with a 3.1-litre V6 engine. On a rare occasion you may need to change the head gasket due to an overheated engine, worn bolts or dirty bolts. The head gasket sits wedged between the cylinder head and engine. Therefore, it is required that you remove most of the upper engine components to reach the head gasket.

Skill level:Moderate

Things you need

Drain panWrenchRatchet and socketScrewdriverCoolantNew head gasketNew boltsTorque wrench

Instructions

1 Make sure the engine is cool before you start to work on the car. Alleviate the pressure from fuel system. Drain the engine oil into an drain pan. Position a drain plan under the radiator and unscrew the plug to drain the cooling system. Disconnect the negative battery cable.

2 Label and tag every upper engine car part as you remove and disconnect the components from the car. Detach, remove, unfasten or slide off the caps, cover, belts, wires and assemblies, including upper intake manifold, the top section of the air cleaner, throttle body air inlet, lower intake manifold, exhaust crossover pipe and spark plugs. Remove the bolts with a wrench and take off the lugs with a socket.

3 Disconnect the hoses, including brake booster vacuum tube, upper radiator hose, intake air bypass valve tube, lower radiator tube and evaporative emissions canister tube.

4 Loosen the electrical connections, such as engine coolant temperature sensor connector, radiator fan switch connector, crankshaft position sensor connector, intake air temperature and exhaust gas recirculation valve connector.

5 Align the camshaft pulley with the crankshaft marks to set the engine to top dead centre. Slide the timing belt from the assembly and take off the camshaft pulley.

6 Remove the cylinder head bolts with a wrench in reverse order of the tightening sequence. The upper bolt numbers on the tightening sequence of a Buick Century are 6, 2, 3 and 7. The lower level bolt numbers are 5, 1, 4 and 8. Lift the cylinder head from the car.

7 Clean the cylinder head surface and gasket mating surfaces. Examine the area for damage, dents or leaks. Place a new head gasket in position and align it with the dowels. Put thread sealer on the new cylinder head bolts. Torque the new bolts in the correct tighten sequence listed in step 6. Tighten bolts to 37 foot-pounds and a add an extra 90 degree pivot.

8 Replace all of the upper engine components in position. Look at the tag to help identify the correct components. Parts to replace include throttle body air duct, rocker arm cover, intake manifold and accelerator.

9 Place coolant in the cooling system and new motor oil in the vehicle. Reconnect the negative battery cable to the terminal. Turn the vehicle on and run for an estimated five minutes. Examine the Buick Century for leaks.

Tips and warnings

Look at a Buick Century manual to see pictures of the various car parts.

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